1740] To the Hon. Henry Seymour Comcay 77 going to Hanover, and turning out the Duke of Argyll12. The epigram, too, you sent me on the same occasion is charming. Unless I sent you back news that you and others send me, I can send you none. I have left the Conclave, which is the only stirring thing in this part of the world, except the child that the Queen of Naples13 is to be delivered of in August. There is no likelihood the Conclave will end, of the Navy, Jan.-Aug. 1710; committed to the Tower, Decs. 1712, on a charge of ' notorious corruption' during his tenure of these offices, and expelled from the House of Commons till the prorogation of Parliament in July, 1713; Paymaster of theForoes, 1714-17,1720-21; Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister), 1715-17, 1721-42; K.B., 1725; E1.G. (as a commoner), 1726; cr. (1742) Earl of Orford. He married (1) Catherine, daughter of John Shorter, of Bybrook, Kent (d. 1737), by whom he had:—1. Robert, cr. (1723) Baron Walpole of Walpole j m. (1724) Margaret Kolle (by whom he was father of the third Earl of Orford); succeeded his father (1745) as second Earl of Orford ; d. 1751. 2. Edward, K.B., 1753; d. 1784. 3. William, died young. 4. Horace, the letter-writer, who succeeded his nephew as fourth Earl of Orford, 1791; d. 179 7. 5. Catherine, died unmarried, aged 19. 6. Mary, m. (1723) George Cholmondeley, third Earl of Chol-mondeley; d. 1731. On the death of Horace Walpole, fourth Earl of Orford, Houghton Hall passed to Mary Lady Cholmondeley's descendants, in. consequence of a decree of the Court of Chancery, and the title of Orford became extinct. It was revived in 1806 in favour of Horatio Walpole, Lord Walpole of Wolterton, son of Sir Bobert Walpole's younger brother, Horatio Walpole, who had been created a peer by that title in 1756. Sir Robert Walpole married (2) Maria Skerret (d. 1738); by her he had a daughter Mary (born before marriage), to whom George IIgranted the rank of an earl's daughter, and who, as Lady Mary Walpole, m. (1746) Charles, natural son of G-eneral Charles -Churchill by Mrs. Oldfield, the actress. 12 John Campbell (1678-1743), second Duke of Argyll, and first Duke of Greenwich; K.T., 1704 ; KG., 1710; Commander-in-Chief in Spain, Feb.-Nov. 1711; Commander-in-Chief in Scotland, 1712-16; Governor of Minorca, 1712-14 ; Groom of the Stole to Prince of Wales, 1714-16 ; Lord Steward of the Household, 1719-25 ; Master-General of the Ordnance, 1725-30, Feb.-Mar. 1742; Field-Marshal, 1737. Argyll fought in several of Marlborough's campaigns ; and commanded the English forces at the indecisive battle of SherifEmuir (1715). During his political career he several times changed sides, and in 1739 violently attacked Sir Eobert Walpole's administration, which he had until then supported. Walpole, being taunted by Pulteney in the House of Commons on his manifest unwillingness to break with Argyll, prevailed upon George TL (1740) to dismiss the Duke from all his employments (the circumstance alluded to by Horace Walpole above). In 1742 Argyll was reinstated in his military command. He was latterly suspected of dealings with the Pretender, a suspicion which, whether founded or not, preyed upon his mind, and is said to have hastened his death. He is the Duke of Argyll who figures in Scott's Heart of Midlothian. 13 Maria Amelia, daughter of Frederick Augustus H of Saxony.